Magnetostratigraphy and astronomical calibration of the last 1.1 Myr from an eastern Mediterranean piston core and dating of short events in the Brunhes
A 37 m long piston core (KC-01B) was collected from the Calabrian Ridge in the Ionian Sea. Astronomical calibration of sapropels and sapropelic signals—based on rock-magnetic and geochemical properties—yields a very accurate time-frame for the last 1.1 Myr, with the exception of the interval (650–85...
|Published in:||Geophysical Journal International|
|Main Authors:||, , , ,|
Oxford University Press
|Summary:||A 37 m long piston core (KC-01B) was collected from the Calabrian Ridge in the Ionian Sea. Astronomical calibration of sapropels and sapropelic signals—based on rock-magnetic and geochemical properties—yields a very accurate time-frame for the last 1.1 Myr, with the exception of the interval (650–850 ka) straddling the Brunhes/Matuyama boundary. We used the oxygen isotope data as an additional constraint on our age model. We arrive at an age of 812 ka for the Brunhes/Matuyama boundary, which indicates that its position is determined by delayed acquisition of NRM by some 40 kyr. The age of the top of Jaramillo subchron (100 ± 3 ka) is slightly older than that of <cross-ref type="bib" refid="bib60">Shackleton, Berger & Peltier (1990)</cross-ref>; that of its bottom (1072 ± 5 ka) concurs with their estimate. In the Brunhes Chron, four short reversal excursions (CR0-3) were found and dated (CR0 261 ± 3 ka, CR1 318 ± 3 ka, CR2 515 ± 3 ka, CR3 573 ± 3 ka). In all cases, a highcoercivity reversed component is overlapped to a varying degree with a low-coercivity normal component. Three of the reversal excursions (CR1-3) occur in zones where diagenetic processes were shown to be minimal. The fourth (CR0), in which a very large coercivity overlap occurs, is not well expressed and is found in a zone where some dissolution of magnetic minerals has occurred. The existing literature on reversal excursions is reviewed, and some of the older records with an oxygen isotope or sapropel record have been redated. CR0 could correspond to one of the Fram Strait excursions (Nowaczyk et al . 1994). CR3 corresponds to the Emperor, which is shown to be equivalent to the Big Lost reversal excursion. For CR1 and CR2 we propose the names Calabrian Ridge 1 and Calabrian Ridge 2, since correlation with existing reversal excursions is uncertain. The Blake was not detected because extensive diagenesis has occurred in the corresponding interval. All reversal excursions observed in KC-01B correspond to periods of minimal ...|