The climate in Antarctica during the Middle Eocene: a modelling perspective

International audience The Middle Eocene represents the last ice-free period of the Cenozoic. Vegetation proxy data (wood, leaves, palynomorphs) discovered in the Antarctica peninsula and neighbouring islands or hosted in sedimentary sequences deposited on the continental margin reveal the presence...

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Main Authors: Fluteau, Frédéric, Tardif, Delphine, Le Hir, Guillaume, Donnadieu, Yannick, Sepulchre, Pierre, Ladant, Jean-Baptiste, Poblete, Fernando, Dupont-Nivet, Guillaume
Other Authors: Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris (IPGP), Institut national des sciences de l'Univers (INSU - CNRS)-IPG PARIS-Université de La Réunion (UR)-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)-Université de Paris (UP), Centre européen de recherche et d'enseignement des géosciences de l'environnement (CEREGE), Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD)-Aix Marseille Université (AMU)-Collège de France (CdF (institution))-Institut national des sciences de l'Univers (INSU - CNRS)-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)-Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement (INRAE), Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement Gif-sur-Yvette (LSCE), Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (UVSQ)-Commissariat à l'énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives (CEA)-Institut national des sciences de l'Univers (INSU - CNRS)-Université Paris-Saclay-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Modélisation du climat (CLIM), Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (UVSQ)-Commissariat à l'énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives (CEA)-Institut national des sciences de l'Univers (INSU - CNRS)-Université Paris-Saclay-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)-Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines (UVSQ)-Commissariat à l'énergie atomique et aux énergies alternatives (CEA)-Institut national des sciences de l'Univers (INSU - CNRS)-Université Paris-Saclay-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Universidad de Chile = University of Chile Santiago (UCHILE), Géosciences Rennes (GR), Université de Rennes 1 (UR1), Université de Rennes (UNIV-RENNES)-Université de Rennes (UNIV-RENNES)-Institut national des sciences de l'Univers (INSU - CNRS)-Observatoire des Sciences de l'Univers de Rennes (OSUR)-Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)
Format: Conference Object
Language:English
Published: HAL CCSD 2020
Subjects:
Online Access:https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-02539557
Description
Summary:International audience The Middle Eocene represents the last ice-free period of the Cenozoic. Vegetation proxy data (wood, leaves, palynomorphs) discovered in the Antarctica peninsula and neighbouring islands or hosted in sedimentary sequences deposited on the continental margin reveal the presence of paratropical rain forests which thrived along the Antarctica coast during the Early Eocene. During the Middle and Late Eocene these flora have been progressively replaced by temperate Nothofagus-dominated rainforests (Contreras et al., 2013). Jacques et al. (2012) proposed, using a physiognomic approach (CLAMP), that a warm temperate and wet climate (with a marked summer rainy season) prevails until the middle Eocene (43±2 Ma) on the tip of the Antarctica Peninsula. To better constrain the climate in Antarctica and understand processes governing the polar climate during the Middle Eocene, we performed a set of experiments using the IPCC-like Earth System Model (IPSL-CM5A2-VLR) forced with a Middle Eocene (~40 Ma) paleogeography reconstruction and a 4 times pre-industrial atmospheric CO2 level (1120ppm). To highlight the importance of the seasonality, we launched 6 orbital configurations exploring end-members situations. To complete the procedure, simulated sea surface temperatures and sea ice extents were then employed as boundary conditions to force the Atmospheric General circulation model LMDz6 (run at higher spatial resolution) coupled with a soil and vegetation model ORCHIDEE to simulate the corresponding vegetation over Antarctica. The 6 end-members Earth's orbital configuration allows exploring the full climatic spectrum which would have been recorded by proxy data. Simulated changes in atmospheric circulation will be discussed and the simulated climate and vegetation will be confronted to paleoclimatic indicators and vegetation data.