Environmental Impacts of Shipping to and from Citronen Fjord:A Preliminary Assessment

A large zinc mineralisation has been discovered in the Citronen Fjord area of Peary Land, North Greenland (Fig. 1), and exploration is presently being undertaken. If it is decided that the ore will be exploited, there is only one way of transporting the zinc concentrate from the area: by ship. The w...

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Main Author: Boertmann, D.
Format: Book
Language:English
Published: National Environmental Research Institute 1996
Subjects:
Online Access:https://pure.au.dk/portal/da/publications/environmental-impacts-of-shipping-to-and-from-citronen-fjord(544e52c0-7e9c-11dd-a5a8-000ea68e967b).html
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record_format openpolar
spelling ftuniaarhuspubl:oai:pure.atira.dk:publications/544e52c0-7e9c-11dd-a5a8-000ea68e967b 2023-01-24T11:17:33+01:00 Environmental Impacts of Shipping to and from Citronen Fjord:A Preliminary Assessment Boertmann, D. 1996 https://pure.au.dk/portal/da/publications/environmental-impacts-of-shipping-to-and-from-citronen-fjord(544e52c0-7e9c-11dd-a5a8-000ea68e967b).html eng eng National Environmental Research Institute info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess Boertmann , D 1996 , Environmental Impacts of Shipping to and from Citronen Fjord : A Preliminary Assessment . NERI Technical Report , vol. 162 , National Environmental Research Institute . North Greenland Citronen Fjord zinc mining icebreaking environmental impacts birds marine mammals book 1996 ftuniaarhuspubl 2020-07-18T20:50:43Z A large zinc mineralisation has been discovered in the Citronen Fjord area of Peary Land, North Greenland (Fig. 1), and exploration is presently being undertaken. If it is decided that the ore will be exploited, there is only one way of transporting the zinc concentrate from the area: by ship. The waters off Citronen Fjord are covered by ice throughout the year. Fast ice covers Frederick E. Hyde Fjord and the coastal waters off the outer coast, and pack ice covers the Wandel Sea and the majority of the Greenland Sea. Sailing in these waters will require powerful icebreaking capabilities, and icebreaking impacts the environment in different ways. In general, it seems that noise from shipping sometimes causes short-term behavioural response and temporarily displacement of various marine mammals. Marine mammals in icecovered waters may be particularly sensitive to noise. However, the effects are usually of short duration, and there are no conclusive studies on the long-term effects and effects on population scale available. This report identifies vulnerable bird and marine mammal populations, and as well as the habitats of these organisms. The wildlife in the Wandel Sea and in the pack ice of the Greenland Sea is generally scarce. Furthermore, the pack ice habitat is very dynamic, and it is therefore concluded that icebreaking in these waters is likely to have only limited environmental impacts. Open water is present along the coasts between Nordostrundingen and Hovgaard Ø June-September. This is the Northeast Water, a recurrent polynya. The Northeast Water supports large amounts of seabirds during the open water period. The largest stock of walrus in Northeast Greenland is found here and narhvals are rather common. The coasts and the ice edge zones of the Northeast Water and the shallow waters around Henrik Krøyer Holme are the most sensitive to sailing and icebreaking. Sailing and icebreaking in these areas should be avoided. The movement of icebreakers through the fast ice of Frederick E. Hyde Fjord may alter the habitat of a population of ringed seals that inhabit the fiord. Incidental oil spills from the ships sailing to and from Citronen Fjord poses the most serious threats to the wildlife in the area covered by this report. Book Frederick E. Hyde fjord Greenland Greenland Sea Nordostrundingen North Greenland Peary Land Wandel Sea walrus* Aarhus University: Research Frederick E. Hyde Fjord ENVELOPE(-31.250,-31.250,83.067,83.067) Greenland Henrik Krøyer Holme ENVELOPE(-13.750,-13.750,80.683,80.683) Holme ENVELOPE(23.340,23.340,69.960,69.960) Hovgaard ENVELOPE(-64.133,-64.133,-65.133,-65.133) Hovgaard Ø ENVELOPE(-18.667,-18.667,79.883,79.883) Nordostrundingen ENVELOPE(-12.133,-12.133,81.517,81.517) Peary ENVELOPE(-63.867,-63.867,-65.250,-65.250) Peary Land ENVELOPE(-32.500,-32.500,82.633,82.633) Wandel ENVELOPE(-64.000,-64.000,-65.083,-65.083)
institution Open Polar
collection Aarhus University: Research
op_collection_id ftuniaarhuspubl
language English
topic North Greenland
Citronen Fjord
zinc mining
icebreaking
environmental impacts
birds
marine mammals
spellingShingle North Greenland
Citronen Fjord
zinc mining
icebreaking
environmental impacts
birds
marine mammals
Boertmann, D.
Environmental Impacts of Shipping to and from Citronen Fjord:A Preliminary Assessment
topic_facet North Greenland
Citronen Fjord
zinc mining
icebreaking
environmental impacts
birds
marine mammals
description A large zinc mineralisation has been discovered in the Citronen Fjord area of Peary Land, North Greenland (Fig. 1), and exploration is presently being undertaken. If it is decided that the ore will be exploited, there is only one way of transporting the zinc concentrate from the area: by ship. The waters off Citronen Fjord are covered by ice throughout the year. Fast ice covers Frederick E. Hyde Fjord and the coastal waters off the outer coast, and pack ice covers the Wandel Sea and the majority of the Greenland Sea. Sailing in these waters will require powerful icebreaking capabilities, and icebreaking impacts the environment in different ways. In general, it seems that noise from shipping sometimes causes short-term behavioural response and temporarily displacement of various marine mammals. Marine mammals in icecovered waters may be particularly sensitive to noise. However, the effects are usually of short duration, and there are no conclusive studies on the long-term effects and effects on population scale available. This report identifies vulnerable bird and marine mammal populations, and as well as the habitats of these organisms. The wildlife in the Wandel Sea and in the pack ice of the Greenland Sea is generally scarce. Furthermore, the pack ice habitat is very dynamic, and it is therefore concluded that icebreaking in these waters is likely to have only limited environmental impacts. Open water is present along the coasts between Nordostrundingen and Hovgaard Ø June-September. This is the Northeast Water, a recurrent polynya. The Northeast Water supports large amounts of seabirds during the open water period. The largest stock of walrus in Northeast Greenland is found here and narhvals are rather common. The coasts and the ice edge zones of the Northeast Water and the shallow waters around Henrik Krøyer Holme are the most sensitive to sailing and icebreaking. Sailing and icebreaking in these areas should be avoided. The movement of icebreakers through the fast ice of Frederick E. Hyde Fjord may alter the habitat of a population of ringed seals that inhabit the fiord. Incidental oil spills from the ships sailing to and from Citronen Fjord poses the most serious threats to the wildlife in the area covered by this report.
format Book
author Boertmann, D.
author_facet Boertmann, D.
author_sort Boertmann, D.
title Environmental Impacts of Shipping to and from Citronen Fjord:A Preliminary Assessment
title_short Environmental Impacts of Shipping to and from Citronen Fjord:A Preliminary Assessment
title_full Environmental Impacts of Shipping to and from Citronen Fjord:A Preliminary Assessment
title_fullStr Environmental Impacts of Shipping to and from Citronen Fjord:A Preliminary Assessment
title_full_unstemmed Environmental Impacts of Shipping to and from Citronen Fjord:A Preliminary Assessment
title_sort environmental impacts of shipping to and from citronen fjord:a preliminary assessment
publisher National Environmental Research Institute
publishDate 1996
url https://pure.au.dk/portal/da/publications/environmental-impacts-of-shipping-to-and-from-citronen-fjord(544e52c0-7e9c-11dd-a5a8-000ea68e967b).html
long_lat ENVELOPE(-31.250,-31.250,83.067,83.067)
ENVELOPE(-13.750,-13.750,80.683,80.683)
ENVELOPE(23.340,23.340,69.960,69.960)
ENVELOPE(-64.133,-64.133,-65.133,-65.133)
ENVELOPE(-18.667,-18.667,79.883,79.883)
ENVELOPE(-12.133,-12.133,81.517,81.517)
ENVELOPE(-63.867,-63.867,-65.250,-65.250)
ENVELOPE(-32.500,-32.500,82.633,82.633)
ENVELOPE(-64.000,-64.000,-65.083,-65.083)
geographic Frederick E. Hyde Fjord
Greenland
Henrik Krøyer Holme
Holme
Hovgaard
Hovgaard Ø
Nordostrundingen
Peary
Peary Land
Wandel
geographic_facet Frederick E. Hyde Fjord
Greenland
Henrik Krøyer Holme
Holme
Hovgaard
Hovgaard Ø
Nordostrundingen
Peary
Peary Land
Wandel
genre Frederick E. Hyde fjord
Greenland
Greenland Sea
Nordostrundingen
North Greenland
Peary Land
Wandel Sea
walrus*
genre_facet Frederick E. Hyde fjord
Greenland
Greenland Sea
Nordostrundingen
North Greenland
Peary Land
Wandel Sea
walrus*
op_source Boertmann , D 1996 , Environmental Impacts of Shipping to and from Citronen Fjord : A Preliminary Assessment . NERI Technical Report , vol. 162 , National Environmental Research Institute .
op_rights info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
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