Noise Dose for Aquatic Animals: Preliminary Estimates for Two Seismic Surveys

Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics (POMA) / 159th Meeting - Acoustical Society of America - NOISE-CON 2010 Baltimore, Maryland, 19 - 23 April 2010 Session 1pAB: Animal Bioacoustics / Journal homepage: http://scitation.aip.org/POMA Copyright © (2010) Acoustical Society of America. This article may...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Handegard, Nils Olav
Format: Conference Object
Language:English
Published: Acoustical Society of America 2010
Subjects:
Online Access:http://hdl.handle.net/11250/109464
https://doi.org/10.1121/1.3512758
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Summary:Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics (POMA) / 159th Meeting - Acoustical Society of America - NOISE-CON 2010 Baltimore, Maryland, 19 - 23 April 2010 Session 1pAB: Animal Bioacoustics / Journal homepage: http://scitation.aip.org/POMA Copyright © (2010) Acoustical Society of America. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the Acoustical Society of America. Two major air-gun exposure experiments have been conducted in Norwegian waters: The Nordkappbank experiment in 1992 [Can. J. Fish. Res. Aq. Sci., 1996, Vol. 53, pp. 2238-2249] and the Vesterålen experiment in 2009 [Fisken og Havet, 2010, Nr. 2, 76 pp. Inst. of Mar. Res.]. Although changes in catch rates and distribution of fish were observed in both cases, the responses were higher in the first experiment. Simple metrics such as number of exposures by time and area reveal large differences between the experiments. This is further detailed in looking at the distribution of distances to air-gun emission positions throughout the experiments. The exposures were in general closer in the Nordkappbank experiment. Analyzing the noise level data for the Vesterålen experiment showed on average cylindrical spreading, which is used in a simple acoustic spreading model estimating the integrated sound exposure levels at a central point in both areas. The analysis shows that the total noise energy exposed to an imaginary fish in these central locations are similar, but that the daily maximum total energy is higher for the Nordkappbank experiment. This gives some indication that the initial simple metrics gave a fair assessment of the exposures between the two cases.